Archive for August, 2009

Bolivia Increases Biological Trade

August 31, 2009

La Paz, Aug 30 (Prensa Latina) The Bolivian exports in the biotrade, including native products as quinua, chestnut, palmetto, maca and others, generated $110 million in 2008, local Cambio newspaper said on Sunday.

Cambio published a report of the private Bolivian Institute of External Trade (IBCE), saying that the main markets were the United States and European Union countries.

IBCE President Pablo Antelo said Bolivia is a potential product generator in biotrade, due to its great ecological diversity.

“The exports of these products have grown at a pace of 20 percent since 2003. That is to say from $47 million that were registered that year to $110 million in 2008,” he explained.

The main entity in charge of boosting and supporting development of biotrade in Bolivia is the Friends of the Nature Foundation (FAN) that presented last week the potentialities and benefits of that activity, he said.

In 2008, 113 Bolivian companies were identified in biotrade.

In the Andean region, Ecuador stands out as the country with more sales in this sector, with $301 million in 2007, followed by Colombia, with $171 and Peru, with $128 million.

Source: Prensa Latina

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Morales Named “World Hero of Mother Earth” by UN General Assembly

August 30, 2009

LA PAZ – The president of the United Nations General Assembly, Rev. Miguel D’Escoto Brockmann, on Saturday declared Bolivian President Evo Morales as “World Hero of Mother Earth” in a ceremony at the presidential palace in this capital.

With a medal and a parchment scroll, the General Assembly of the United Nations Organization named Morales “the maximum exponent and paradigm of love for Mother Earth” in the resolution for his decoration that was read during the ceremony.

The document added that the decision was taken “after extensive consultation” among representatives of the General Assembly’s member countries.

D’Escoto recalled that Morales “was the one who most helped” the United Nations declare last April 22 as International Mother Earth Day, or “Pachamama” as Mother Earth is said in Bolivia’s Aymara Indian tongue.

For his part, the president said that the honor is not for Evo Morales, “but for our ancestors and the native peoples” that “have always defended Mother Earth.”

He added that he will continue trying to get the international community to acknowledge the rights of Mother Earth.

Besides Morales, the former Cuban head of state Fidel Castro has been named “World Hero of Solidarity” and the late ex-president of Tanzania, Julius Nyerere, will be honored as “World Hero of Social Justice.”

“What we want to do is present these three people to the world and say that they embody virtues and values worth emulation by all of us,” said D’Escoto, who like the socialist Morales is a staunch critic of U.S. foreign policy in Latin America.

D’Escoto was elected president of the 63rd session of the UN General Assembly on June 4, 2008, and was Nigaraguan foreign minister during the first Sandinista government from 1979 to 1990.

Source: Latin American Herald Tribune

Knowhow of Andean Peoples on Offer at Bolivia Universities

August 30, 2009

By Victor Sancho

LA PAZ – The ancestral knowledge of the Aymara, Quechua and Guarani Indians forms part of the curriculum of Bolivia’s first three indigenous universities, whose inaugural class includes 480 students from rural communities.

Studies in oil and natural gas, highland and tropical agronomy, veterinary and zoo-technical science, the textile industry and aquaculture are some of the 12 degree programs offered at these new institutions of higher learning promoted by the government of socialist President Evo Morales, Bolivia’s first indigenous head of state.

But the universities are striving to do more than promote an appreciation for the knowledge of the country’s main indigenous communities; the goal instead is for students to apply that knowledge to practical projects in rural areas as part of their advanced studies.

One of the universities, an Aymara establishment named Tupac Katari in honor of an Indian leader who led an 18th century rebellion against Spanish colonial rule, is located in a building in the town of Warisata – about 100 kilometers (62 miles) from La Paz – that in 1931 became the first indigenous school in the Bolivian altiplano (high plain).

More than 160 students at Tupac Katari live on campus from Monday to Friday, while 320 other students are enrolled at the other two indigenous universities: Casimiro Huanca, a Quechua institution in the central province of Cochabamba; and Apiaguaiki, a Guarani university in the southern province of Chuquisaca.

Edgar Mamani, 26, arrived in Warisata from a rural community 600 kilometers away – having been selected from among a group of young people there – but said he plans to return home and apply all the knowledge he has acquired.

But rather than studying law, architecture or medicine, Mamani said he will specialize in food engineering because that will better prepare him to give back to his region.

“I’ve always wanted to go to university and I’d always thought about something that had to do with the countryside. I can’t leave my region, and this university has a vision of productivity that is necessary for the changes Bolivia is experiencing,” the student, wearing a typical Andean wool cap, told Efe.

Celso Anaya, 25, attends his Aymara Agronomy class each day wearing a scarf featuring the colors of the Whipala indigenous flag, which after the approval of Bolivia’s new constitution – aimed at empowering the Indian majority and narrowing the 90-1 gap in wealth between the richest and poorest sectors of the population – became a national symbol.

Anaya told Efe he chose Tupac Katari for its “basic, philosophical principles,” and because he will be surrounded by his native culture while pursuing his university studies.

The rector of Tupac Katari, Benecio Quispe, an Aymara Indian from the southwestern province of Oruro, said the university is part of President Morales’ “decolonization” goals.

“One might think this university was founded so Indians can keep being Indians, but no. It’s not about creating ethnocentric universities, universities that turn Indians into a type of walking museum,” Quispe said.

Instead, educational authorities want to train top-notch professionals in every field, and to do that they have devised courses of study that combine the recovery of Indians’ language and culture with the study of Spanish and English.

The objective of the indigenous universities is for students to return to their communities once their studies are complete and apply the traditional knowledge they acquire to improve the productivity of their region.

For that reason, half of study time is devoted to practical matters, with students tasked with creating a project applicable to their home community.

Students at Tupac Katari – like at any other university – also take time for recreation activities such as playing traditional Aymara instruments or dancing to Huayño folk music before lunch hour. EFE

Source: Latin American Herald Tribune

New World Increases Pastos Grandes Lithium Brine Salar Land Holdings

August 30, 2009

Aug 28, 2009 11:30 ET

VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA–(Marketwire – Aug. 28, 2009) – New World Resource Corp. (the “Company” or “New World”) (TSX VENTURE:NW) announces the consolidation of an additional 1,537 hectares within the Pastos Grandes salar located in southern Bolivia. Two additional Letters of Intent (“LOI”) have been signed with concession owners which have increased New World’s holdings within the salar from 5,975 to 7,512 hectares. New World now has a right to earn greater than 97% interest in over 75km2 of the Pastos Grandes salar.

The brine sampling program announced July 29, 2009 is now complete, and results are expected in September. The sampling program was designed to verify and expand historical results.

Pastos Grandes Salar

The Bolivian Altiplano is host to many alkaline and saline lakes and salars including the Salar de Uyuni which hosts the world’s largest known lithium reserve. Pastos Grandes is located approximately 113 kilometres south southwest from Salar de Uyuni, within the same geological and geographical setting. This hyper saline lake/salar basin is surrounded by intermittent rivers and thermal springs discharging waters into the salar. The Pastos Grandes salar is elliptical in shape with the major axis trending NW-SE and covers an area of approximately 120 km2.

Historical brine samples from Pastos Grandes show an average of 1,009 parts per million (“ppm”) Lithium, 17,253 ppm Potassium, and very low Mg/Li and SO4/Li ratios of 2.2 and 3.0 respectively. This compares favourably to the Chemetall’s Atacama ratios of Mg/Li equals 6.4 and SO4/Li equals 11. As a general rule, lower Mg/Li and SO4/Li ratios facilitates lithium recovery. The Chemetall Foote Corporation owns and operates a lithium brine operation within the Salar de Atacama, located 200 km east of Antofagasta in northern Chile.

Letter of Intent with Alberto Sivila

The term of the LOI is for 30 days and can be renewed for an additional 30 day term. During the term of the LOI New World will carry out a due diligence program to evaluate the deeds and technical details.

If results from the due diligence program are satisfactory to New World then the Parties will execute a Joint Venture (JV) agreement under the following basis:

– The term of the JV will be 15 years

– The interest of the parties will be: New World 97% and Mr. Alberto Sivila 3%

– To vest 97% of interest New World must do the following payments to the concessionaire:

— U$ 10,000 on signature of the JV agreement

— U$ 1,000 per month during year one and two of the JV

— U$ 2,000 per month during the years three, four and five of the JV

— U$ 2,000 per month during year six and following, if mining has not started and/or the JV is not generating profits.

— At any time during the term of the JV, US$ 500,000 to acquire an additional 2% of interest on the JV

— No minimum exploration expenditures is required

– Once New World complies with all the payments it will consolidate its interest in the JV

– New World will be the Operator of the JV and the Board of the JV will be under New World’s control

– The concessionaire has a free carried interest and his right to enjoy the profits is guaranteed

– Any current or additional areas acquired by New World will not be part of the JV

– New World will pay the Patentes Mineras (annual payment to the government to keep the concession in good standing).

– New World will be responsible for any environmental liability generated by its activities on the concessions during the JV

– When the JV agreement is terminated for any reason then New World must provide to the concessionaire a copy of all the information obtained during exploration and mining.

Letter of Intent with Empresa Minera Kellguani S.A.

The term of the LOI is for 40 days and can be renewed for an additional 30 day term. During the term of the LOI New World will carry out a due diligence program to evaluate the deeds and technical details.

If results from the due diligence program are satisfactory to New World then the Parties will execute a Joint Venture (JV) agreement under the following basis:

– The term of the JV will be 20 years

– The interest of the parties will be: New World 99% and EM Kellguani S.A. 1%

– To vest 99% of interest New World must make the following payments to the concessionaire:

— U$ 25,000 on signature of the JV agreement

— U$ 25,000 and 100,000 NEW WORLD shares on first anniversary of the JV

— U$ 25,000 and 300,000 NEW WORLD shares on second anniversary of the JV

— Borates exploitation activities carried out by the concessionaire will be respected by New World.

— No minimum exploration expenditures is required

– Once New World complies with all the payments it will consolidate its interest in the JV

– New World will not interfere with Borates exploitation activities of the concessionaire.

– New World will be the Operator of the JV and the Board of the JV will be under New World’s control

– The concessionaire has a free carried interest and his right to enjoy the profits is guaranteed

– Any current or additional area acquired by New World will not be part of the JV

– New World will pay the Patentes Mineras (annual payment to the government to keep the concession in good standing).

– New World will be responsible for any environmental liability generated by its activities on the concessions during the JV

– When the JV agreement is terminated for any reason then New World must provide to the concessionaire a copy of all the information obtained during exploration and mining.

Quality Control and Assurance

Joan McCorquodale, P. Geo is the Company’s Vice President, Exploration and “qualified person” as required under National Instrument 43-101 and has reviewed the technical information contained in this press release.

About New World

New World Resource Corp. is a Canadian based mining exploration company focused on building a strong, diversified project portfolio within the Americas.

NEW WORLD RESOURCE CORP.

John Lando, President

This news release includes “forward-looking information”, as such term is defined in applicable securities laws. The forward-looking information includes, without limitation, the success of exploration activities and other similar statements concerning anticipated future events, conditions or results that are not historical facts. These statements reflect management’s current estimates, beliefs, intentions and expectations; they are not guarantees of future performance. The Company cautions that all forward-looking information is inherently uncertain and that actual results may vary from the forward-looking information. A number of material factors, many of which are beyond the Company’s control, could cause actual results to differ materially from the forward-looking information. Such factors include, among others, risks and uncertainties relating to exploration and development; the ability of the Company to obtain additional financing; the Company’s limited operating history; the need to comply with environmental and governmental regulations; political and economic instability and general civil unrest in Bolivia; potential defects in title to the properties; fluctuations in currency exchange rates; fluctuating prices of commodities; operating hazards and risks; competition; and other risks and uncertainties. Accordingly, actual future events, conditions and results may differ materially from the estimates, beliefs, intentions and expectations expressed or implied in the forward-looking information. All statements are made as of the date of this news release and the Company is under no obligation to update or alter any forward-looking information.

The TSX Venture Exchange does not accept responsibility for the adequacy or accuracy of this news release.

Source: Bolivia News / Marketwire

Bolivia wants its coastline back

August 30, 2009

Source PA News

 

Landlocked Bolivia is trying to regain the Pacific coastline it lost in a war with Chile more than a century ago.

The issue is due to come up again on the sidelines of the South American presidents’ summit.

Bolivia’s Evo Morales and Chile’s Michelle Bachelet are planning a bilateral meeting on coastal access that the two presidents say will also cover water resources, economic integration, security and defence.

Source: Bolivia News / Channel 4 / Press Association

Morales Best President Since 1982 for Bolivians

August 30, 2009
August 29, 2009

(Angus Reid Global Monitor) – Many people in Bolivia say current president Evo Morales has been the country’s best head of state since the return of democratic rule in 1982, according to a poll by Equipos MORI published in Poder y Placer. 41 per cent of respondents say Morales has been the best president since then.

Víctor Paz is second with 24 per cent, followed by Carlos Mesa, Hugo Banzer and Jaime Paz all with only five per cent, Jorge Quiroga with three per cent, and Eduardo Rodríguez with two per cent. No respondents think Gonzalo Sánchez de Lozada—who was forced to step down in October 2003 after a series of violent protests over a controversial proposal to export natural gas—has been Bolivia’s best president.

Morales—an indigenous leader and former coca-leaf farmer—won the December 2005 presidential election as the candidate for the Movement to Socialism (MAS), with 53.7 per cent of the vote. He officially took over as Bolivia’s head of state in January 2006.

Morales’s tenure has been focused on “re-founding” Bolivia through a new constitution. The new document was ratified last January.

The revamped constitution includes a bill of rights and an entire chapter dedicated to Bolivia’s 36 indigenous nations. It also put the economy in the hands of the state, limited landholdings, redistributed revenues from gas fields in the eastern lowlands to the country’s poorer areas, and included a compromise that will allow the current president to seek only one additional five-year term. Under the terms of the new body of law, a general election has been scheduled for Dec. 6. Morales will seek a new term in office.

On Aug. 3, Morales vowed to keep fighting for the increased autonomy of indigenous peoples within the country, saying, “Your president, your companion, your brother Evo Morales might make mistakes but will never betray the fight started by our ancestors and the fight of the Bolivian people.”

Polling Data

Who do you think has been the best president since the return of democracy on October 10, 1982?

Evo Morales

41%

Víctor Paz

24%

Carlos Mesa

5%

Hugo Banzer

5%

Jaime Paz

5%

Jorge Quiroga

3%

Eduardo Rodríguez

2%

Gonzalo Sánchez de Lozada

0%

Source: Equipos MORI / Poder y Placer
Methodology: Interviews with 2,100 Bolivian adults in Cochabamba, El Alto, La Paz, Santa Cruz, and Tarija, conducted in July 2009. Margin of error is 3.1 per cent.

Source: Bolivia News / Angus Reid Global Monitor

Bolivia proposes vote on US-Colombia military deal

August 30, 2009

Associated Press
2009-08-27 07:58 AM

Bolivian President Evo Morales proposed Wednesday that South Americans vote in a continentwide referendum on Colombia’s plan to give the U.S. military greater access to its military bases.Morales said he will take the proposal to Friday’s meeting of the Union of South American Nations, or UNASUR, which will discuss negotiations between Bogota and Washington to allow increased U.S. military presence at seven Colombian bases through a 10-year lease agreement.

“If the Colombian president wants his bases to be used, I say I want a referendum in South America so the people of Bolivia, Colombia, Peru, Venezuela, Brazil, Argentina _ all 12 countries _ can decide,” said Morales, who called the proposal a provocation by the U.S. to create conflict and stall integration in the region.

The leftist governments in Venezuela and Ecuador also have criticized the pending deal, which the U.S. says is necessary to help Colombia fight drug trafficking and leftist guerrillas.

Ecuador’s national assembly passed a resolution Tuesday saying the U.S. use of Colombian military bases would undermine peace in the region.

Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez referred to the pending base deal as “a declaration of war against the Bolivarian Revolution,” referring to his socialist political movement.

Colombian officials deny the agreement is a threat to its neighbors, and say it is necessary to more effectively help Colombia’s security forces fight drug traffickers and leftist rebels.

U.S. diplomat Christopher J. McMullen, speaking in Uruguay Wednesday, said no one is proposing a U.S. base on Colombian soil, and the agreement is clear in that the U.S. will respect territorial sovereignty and not intervene in the affairs of other countries.

“We don’t think it’s responsible for a leader such as President Hugo Chavez to speak of the winds of war because it doesn’t serve the cause of peace in the hemisphere,” said McMullen, deputy assistant secretary in the State Department’s Bureau of Western Hemisphere Affairs.

UNASUR meets in Bariloche, Argentina.

 Source: Taiwan News / Associated Press

Bolivia Cries Foul Over Peru Plans for Drilling in Titicaca

August 30, 2009

LA PAZ – Bolivian President Evo Morales’ government will present a formal complaint to Peru over its plans to drill for oil in Lake Titicaca without consulting La Paz, state-run news agency ABI reported.

Hydrocarbons Minister Oscar Coca sent Bolivia’s Foreign Ministry a note requesting that a formal complaint be made since the body of water straddles the border between the two nations, ABI said.

“Since Lake Titicaca is a bi-national area, it’s obvious that there can’t be unilateral actions” and therefore the matter requires a diplomatic solution, Coca said.

The governor of La Paz province, Pablo Ramos, expressed concern Tuesday about reports from Peru indicating the government in Lima had signed oil exploration and drilling contracts with foreign companies in the Lake Titicaca basin.

A daily in Puno, a Peruvian city near the border with Bolivia, also reported this week that President Alan Garcia’s government signed the deal in April without consulting regional authorities and residents of that municipality.

Coca recalled Thursday that Bolivia and Peru set up an entity to jointly manage the lake and said that body should have the final say about the possibility of oil drilling in Titicaca.

“Independent of the oil issue, it bears mentioning that the lake is one of the wonders of the world that must be preserved as is,” Coca said.

Lake Titicaca occupies more than 8,500 square kilometers (3,280 square miles) and serves as a natural border between Bolivia and Peru. EFE

Source: Latin America Herald Tribune

NIOC to set up office in Bolivia

August 30, 2009

Tehran Times Economic Desk

TEHRAN — The National Iranian Oil Company (NIOC) will be establishing its office in Santa Cruz, Bolivia, creating a base for exporting Iranian technical and engineering services to countries in Central and South America.

The expansion of cooperation of Iran’s oil industry with countries of Central and South America has advanced considerably in the past few years despite the huge distance and differences in political, economic, cultural, and religious fields between Iran and these countries, the Mehr News Agency reported.

Latin America has always been considered as the backyard of U.S. oil companies and the vast hydrocarbon resources of this area have been under the influence of these firms.

However, in recent years there has been very friendly behavior by independent countries in the region towards Iran’s oil industry.

Operations underway in joint projects and agreements in the fields of oil, gas and petrochemical sectors among Iranian, Ecuadorian, Bolivian, and most recently Cuban companies are proof of this matter.

The expansion of Iran’s oil cooperation with countries of the region and the gradual exit of American and European companies from the area has led to reactions by these firms.

The establishment of Iran-Venezuela joint energy committee has been the first step taken for expanding cooperation in the energy field by Hugo Chavez and Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, the presidents of the two countries.

After establishing this joint committee, Petropars Company, on behalf of Iranian oil companies, started its activities in projects developing Venezuela’s heavy crude oilfields and founding a joint company with Venezuelan state oil firm PDVSA in order to implement joint ventures in Venezuela and other Latin American countries.

In the month of Farvardin of the Iranian calendar (March-April), during the Venezuelan president’s trip to Tehran, an MOU was signed through which PDVSA expressed its wish to take part and invest in exploration and development of oil fields in central Iran and the phase 12 of South Pars gas field.

This agreement can take Tehran-Caracas oil cooperation to a new level.

With Bolivia, a cooperation agreement in the field of energy was signed during Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad’s visit to that country in the Iranian calendar year 1386 (March 2007- March 2008).

Following visits of Iranian oil ministry officials to Bolivia agreements were made in oil, gas, and petrochemical fields and as a result NIOC will open a branch in Santa Cruz.

One of the most important goals of establishing this office will be to coordinate, organize and help implement NIOC activities in joint oil projects in Bolivia and other Latin American countries.

In regard to Ecuador, the first step in Tehran-Quito oil cooperation started with the visit of the country’s oil and mines minister to Iran last summer.

During the visit, agreements were signed for cooperation in oil, gas and petrochemical fields which were endorsed by the Ecuadorian president during his visit to Iran last autumn.

Following the stance in energy cooperation among Iran, Venezuela, Ecuador, and Bolivia it is likely that Cuba will soon join this group.

In this regard about two months ago a delegation from the Iranian oil ministry was sent to Havana to gain technical information and review various fields of cooperation in the oil, gas and petrochemical industry.

Brazil, Mexico and Argentina are among countries that Iran is planning to expand cooperation in the energy field.

So far, some advances have been made with Brazil and last spring a delegation from Iran’s oil ministry visited that country and reviewed ways of cooperation especially exploration of the Caspian Sea oilfields

Source: Tehran Times

Peru will not include Chile-Bolivia sea outlet talks at Unasur

August 30, 2009

Isabel Guerra

Peru will not include the bilateral negotiations between Chile and Bolivia (for a Bolivian outlet to the sea) in the South American United Nations (UNASUR) Summit’s agenda, according to the Chile Ambassador to Peru, Carlos Pareja.

The possibility has also been ruled out by Peru’s Chancellor, Jose Antonio García Belaunde, who said to the press that “the trilateral issue does not appear on UNASUR’s agenda. I do not think it will have an impact on the summit.”

Garcia Belaunde’s reaffirmation came after Bolivian President Evo Morales claimed that Peru’s dispute with Chile over maritime delimitations is preventing Bolivia from having a sea outlet.

Source: LivinginPeru.com